People Innovation Excellence


Wikipedia defined space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. In this sense, Feyer & Gross in Gross & Klemmer (2014) associated that it’s not only flights into space, but also terrestrial and virtual space tourism.

The illustration of chart below might be taken for an account of space tourism = space transportation.

Classification of Space Tourism. Adapted from Feyer and Gross, 2005


The picture can be translated that space transportation might be understood as having experience on the journey to and while at an astronomy tourist destination such as planetarium, space centres, museums, and other place that related to a terrestrial space tourism.

Therefore, in practice, alongside of ballooning, airships, helicopters and gliding that part of speciality air transportation, space transportation is not merely a trip to fly in the atmosphere of earth and surrounding space by an aircraft or spacecraft.

Well, a planetarium site can be regarded as the space transportation. For example, if you visit the Jakarta planetarium and observation at Jakarta Taman Ismail Marzuki (please follow this link, which offer an astronomical exhibition and space observatory through space telescope. Then, you can tell that taking the space transportation.

Herewith the image of space transportation of Jakarta planetarium and observation.

Jakarta Planetarium and Observation

Source: Wikipedia


Planetarium at Taman Ismail Marzuki in Jakarta Planetarium and Observation



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Faculty Member | Bina Nusantara University - Tourism Department
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